Archive for mai, 2010

Mon prof… mon ami sur le réseau?

Romain Parlier, sur le blog du Monde Technologie, évoque la problématique des relations profs-élèves lorsqu’elles se prolongent sur Facebook

A plusieurs reprise, dernièrement, le monde enseignant s’est ému des cabales organisées sur Facebook contre des profs… Certains ont même décidé d’intenter des actions pénales pour réagir à ces attaques en règle. Si, comme l’évoque l’auteur de l’article, ce phénomène de stigmatisation des « mauvais » profs (ou considérés comme tels, à tort ou à raison) a toujours existé, comme l’illustre souvent les phénomènes de « réputation », bonne ou mauvaise, qui colle aux enseignants après quelques semaines dans un établissement parfois, c’est la médiatisation par l’outil Facebook qui choque. Hors des murs de l’école en question, est-ce que la réputation d’un enseignant doit être « massacrée » à perpetuité (vive Google) ou est-ce qu’il y a un droit à l’erreur… et par conséquent un droit à l’oubli?

Au-delà de ces cas plutôt extrêmes se pose également de la superposition de la relation prof-élève avec le type d’interactions qui a cours sur Facebook. L’article se fait l’écho du témoignage intéressant d’un enseignant qui intègre même le réseau ainsi constitué avec ses élèves pour prolonger le cours donné en classe. D’un point de vue personnel, le métier d’enseignant étant particulièrement exposé, est-il souhaitable de mélanger sa vie privée avec celle des élèves que l’on voit tous les jours en classe? Pour moi, cela a du sens, par la suite, pour garder des contacts avec des élèves avec qui l’on a travaillé, s’ils le souhaitent, naturellement… (il n’est pas exclu que, sur ce coup-là, j’adopte une position de vieux con :-)

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Motivation at work…

Below is a great presentation by Daniel H. Pink about what motivates us at work…

Beside the very interesting findings and conclusions (autonomy is the key :-), the presentation layout is just perfect ! If you’re an amateur of prezi or if you hate boring powerpoint presentations, this is for you !

>> And if you still want to use Powerpoint, you may find this article useful… How to use the « rule of thirds », like in painting or photography, to create powerful slides…. (Thanks to Garr Reynolds’ Presentation Zen)

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Lift 2010 – impressions…

S’il y a un événement qui vaut la peine d’être fréquenté en région romande (c’est pas toujours ailleurs que ça se passe!), la conférence LIFT en fait partie… Mes deux derniers posts y étaient consacrés, d’ailleurs… en reprenant des thèmes qui m’ont tout particulièrement intéressé.

Mais LIFT n’est pas que ça… en l’occurrence, la réelle plus value à mes yeux, outre la qualité des orateurs et animateurs de workshops (à quelques exceptions près), réside dans l’opportunité de rencontrer des personnes passionnantes… au détour d’un workshop, à la pause, au repas de midi, en soirée… les conversations sont riches et enrichissantes à tout point de vue…

Bref, après une matinée consacrée à des thèmes aussi variés que la différence entre chinois et occidentaux dans leur manière d’appréhender le web (physiquement, par clavier interposé, ou culturellement) ou l’avenir de notre monde par / pour / par-delà la technologie, j’avais envie de partager quelques liens qui donne un aperçu (forcément partiel et complètement subjectif) de MA conférence LIFT :-)

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Influence of digital media on politics

After a great workshop by Kelly Dempski of Accenture about marketing opportunities using social media (take time to read : Setting the stage for the social network landscape), we had the opportunity to listen to Rahaf Harfoush (World Economic Forum).

In 2008, she was part of the Obama team winning the US election and here are her observations about social media :

The Obama campaign was the first example of how digital media can influence political campaigns. It was the first time such tools were used that way.
The Obama team was then able to reach every corner of America without having the financial resources at first to physically reach them. As a result, some figures show the success of such a process :

  • 2 million profiles created
  • 35’000 volunteer groups
  • 400’000 blog posts
  • 200’000 side events

Working with social networks helped redefining relationships. By creating relationships with supporters they felt more involved in the election (Displaying infos about B. Obama in daily campaign life on Facebook, YouTube, MySpace, Twitter….). As a consequence and when trying to raise money through these media, Obama raised twice as much money as McCain by using social network (67% of that money came from online sources….).

Rahaf Harfoush observes that the use of digital media, increased focus on government transparency and open data (acceptability). Since President Obama is in the White House, US government opened websites to give transparent information about governmental actions and issues :

On the citizens’ side, things are moving as well :

  • (reporting problems and frauds in African elections)
  • Iran protests and use of Twitter as only channel of communication left (government closed websites, SMS services, news offices….)

Where are we going ? (Near Future)

According to Rahaf Harfoush, we face an Evolving Digital Activism. People get generally more involved politically through social networks and social media (example : and use these tools to be heard.
They are trends towards a surge in number and scale of these kinds of movements, and potential violent response from government having no interest in transparency
(see Chavez – Venezuela against Twitter – terrorist media…).

She also notes the new Role of Corporations. Never before, products of companies has had such an impact on governmental actions (Google, Gmail vs China or Iran, Twitter vs Venezuela…). It was made obvious when, for example, US asked Twitter to postpone maintenance while Iran protest….

There’s an ongoing battle where each new event creates a precedent. It is something that impacts all of us. But there’s an important risk of Slacktivism instead of real activism in the field… (also read : The brave new world of slacktivism).

>> See also : 5 Ways Government Works Better With Social Media

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New digital media style…

Seen at Lift 10 as an intro to The Old New Media Session… a video called « the new dork » which is a parody of Alicia Keys’ song « Empire state of mind » :

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Online Privacy vs Freedom


In line with last year lift 09 conference about Sociogeek results (survey about level of privacy for web user), Olivier Glassey and gave speeches on privacy on the web at Lift 10.

Here are a few notes taken during theses two presentations :

Olivier Glassey (UNIL – Lausanne): social network… is it the end of privacy ?

There are a lot of false assumptions about digital natives :

  • they don’t know about privacy
  • they don’t care about privacy issues
  • they do little/nothing in order to protect their privacy

People are playing with their identities online… social networks are playgrounds and that raise questions :

-> Is my online ID for real ? What are the connections between Social network ID and my real life?
-> how to translate social relations into the management of social network « friendship »

However, « Facebook profiles reflect actual personality, not self-idealization » (Back, Stopfer et alii – Psychological science XX (X) p. 1-3)

Long term memory of privacy :
– What kind of technical tools, legal rules and social norms will allow the needed social memory AND amnesia?
« Privacy is not a fundamental right among others, it is the required condition in order to be able exercise other fundamental rights and liberties » (adapted from Antoinette Rouvroy)

Christian Heller (independent futurist) : « I think privacy is gone for good »

Often privacy is assimilated as freedom… it is a flawed idea…
A few hundred years ago, notion of privacy would be impossible to understand.
For example in a village… everybody knew each other and everyone’s private life was judged by the other (social regulation). Life of kings was of public interest (present star system?). There was no intimacy in sleeping rooms except for very wealthy families. Functional rooms (eating, sleeping, meeting) were not made for privacy…
Female privacy vs Male publicity : Women were dealing with the private sphere raising kids and men were dealing with public life.
When women claimed for public presence is was meant as more freedom, and less privacy… Privacy was assimilated to isolation
Relating to sex life, in the 19th and 20th century, privacy would be related to shame…  things that cannot be exposed or dealt with publicly.
The gay movement went against that, being isolated, and claimed for more public recognition and tolerance.

In the internet world, there is a need for self-assertion through openness. It notably creates connectiveness (Ex. connect people with same interest in fetish practices).
This openness also create a lot of knowledge. (Ex. health problematics).
However, information about me can be used to have power over me (related to old village and social regulation… see above… with what I know about you, I have power to control or threat you…). Consequently, it is important to have data protection, control over my own data so no one can use them against me.
Real democracy would be when everyone can see everyone else… (no privacy…)

>> Follow up by reading the article in L’Hebdo about dealing with identity on the web

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